The Raid on Harpers Ferry The raid that Sunday night would be the most daring instance on record of white men entering a Southern state to incite a slave rebellion. In military terms, it was barely a skirmish, but the incident electrified the nation.
John Brown was a radical abolitionist whose fervent hatred of slavery led him to seize the United States arsenal at Harpers Ferry in October It is widely believed his intention was to arm slaves for a rebellion, though he denied that. Hanged for treason against the Commonwealth of Virginia, Brown quickly became a martyr among those seeking to end slavery in America.
His parents instilled in him a strong belief in the Bible and a strong hatred of slavery, and his father taught him the family trade of tanning animal skins. After he married Dianthe Lusk, they moved to Pennsylvania, where he established a tannery of his own.
Less than a year after her passing, he married a year-old named Mary Anne Day. That union produced 13 more offspring. Brown was not a particularly good businessman, and what skills he had declined as his thinking became more metaphysical. He bought and sold several tanneries, engaged in land speculation, raised sheep, and established a brokerage for wool producers, but his financial situation deteriorated.
His thoughts turned more and more to people he considered oppressed; had he lived in a later era, he might have become a socialist. He became a conductor in the Underground Railroad and organized a self-protection league for freemen of color and fugitive slaves.
After the Kansas-Nebraska Act of gave citizens of those two territories the right to choose for themselves whether the territories would permit or prohibit slavery, Brown, like many abolitionists, moved to Kansas, taking five of his sons with him.
Fervent members of the abolition movement were determined that when the territory was ready to enter the Union as a state, it would do so as a free state. On the other side, many defenders of slavery were also pouring into Kansas, in order to secure it for the pro-slavery faction.
On May 21,Missouri "border ruffians" attacked the anti-slavery town of Lawrence, pillaging and burning.
Harper's Ferry before John Brown's raid on October 16, On October 16, , John Brown led a small army of 18 men into the small town of Harper's Ferry, Virginia. His plan was to instigate a major slave rebellion in the South. He would seize the arms and ammunition in the federal arsenal, arm. Harpers Ferry is a historic town in Jefferson County, West Virginia, United States, in the lower Shenandoah alphabetnyc.com was formerly spelled Harper's Ferry with an apostrophe and that form continues to appear in some references. It is situated at the confluence of the Potomac and Shenandoah rivers where the U.S. states of Maryland, Virginia and West Virginia meet. Engel v alphabetnyc.com-The case was brought by the families of public school students in New Hyde Park, New York who complained the prayer to "Almighty God" contradicted their religious beliefs. They were supported by groups opposed to the school prayer including rabbinical organizations, Ethical Culture, and Judaic organizations.
Two days later, Charles Sumner, a U. Senator from Massachusetts, was severely beaten with a cane on the Senate floor by Senator Preston Brooks of South Carolina because of verbal attacks the virulently anti-slavery Sumner had made on another South Carolinian.
When the trio tried to escape, James Doyle was shot down and his sons hacked to death with short sabers. At the home of Allen Wilkinson, the avengers ignored the pleas of his sick wife and two children and took Wilkinson away as a prisoner. He was soon dispatched with one of the swords.
Through it all, Brown had decided, god-like, who would die and who would be spared, though according to his followers he did not actively participate in the executions.
Whenever he was questioned about the events of that night, he was evasive. The events at Lawrence and Pottawatomie caused the territory to erupt in guerrilla warfare, giving it the name "Bleeding Kansas. More than one version exists of what his plans were for the weapons he hoped to make off with.
Some say he intended to create a state of free blacks in the mountains of western Virginia and Maryland. Others say he hoped to create an army of former slaves and freemen to march through Dixie, forcing slave owners to free their slaves. Brown himself may not have been entirely clear on what the next step would be, but he had convinced a number of Northern abolitionists to provide financial support for his actions, here and elsewhere.
On October 18, a company of U.
Marines, under the command of Army lieutenant colonel Robert E. Lee, broke into the building. Ten raiders were killed outright and seven others, including a wounded Brown, were captured. Among those watching the execution, "with unlimited, undeniable contempt" for Brown, was the future assassin of President Abraham Lincoln, John Wilkes Booth.
Brown had denied any plan "to excite or incite the slaves to rebellion or to make insurrection. But when information began to surface that Brown had discussed his plans—to what extent is not known—with Northern abolitionists and had received moral and financial assistance, Southern attitudes turned sour.
Many in the abolition movement painted Brown as a martyr, convincing many Southerners that abolitionists wished to commit genocide on white slave owners.John Brown's raid on the federal armory at Harpers Ferry, Virginia, In October , involved only a handful of abolitionists, freed no slaves, and was over in two days.
A New York Times Notable Book for A Library Journal Top Ten Best Books of A Boston Globe Best Nonfiction Book of Bestselling author Tony Horwitz tells the electrifying tale of the daring insurrection that put America on the path to bloody war.
Plotted in secret, launched in the dark, John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry was a pivotal moment in U.S. history. John Brown's raid on the Federal Armory at Harpers Ferry, Virginia, was meant to trigger an insurrection by African-American slaves. What it provoked instead was a violent response by Virginia and Maryland state militias, who trapped Brown and his men at the Armory, and the dispatch of a detachment of U.S.
Marines from Washington, D.C. led . John Brown’s Day of Reckoning The abolitionist’s bloody raid on a federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry years ago set the stage for the Civil War. Franklin Delano Roosevelt; January 30, – April 12, ), commonly known by his initials, FDR, 32nd President of the United States (–), served for 12 years and four terms until his death in , the only president ever to do so, and a central figure in world events during the midth century, leading the United States during a time of worldwide economic depression and total war.
Introduction Kentucky was one of the "border states" in the Civil War, both geographically and politically. It was situated on the dividing line between the northern and southern regions of the United States.